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They seldom fly except as a result of perceived danger, preferring to run into the undergrowth if approached.Domestication is believed to have taken place between 7,000 and 10,000 years ago, and what are thought to be fossilized chicken bones have been found in northeastern China dated to around 5,400 BC.Males, known as drakes, are often larger than females (simply known as ducks) and are differently coloured in some breeds.Domestic ducks are omnivores, eating a variety of animal and plant materials such as aquatic insects, molluscs, worms, small amphibians, waterweeds, and grasses.In about 1800, chickens began to be kept on a larger scale, and modern high-output poultry farms were present in the United Kingdom from around 1920 and became established in the United States soon after the Second World War.By the mid-20th century, the poultry meat-producing industry was of greater importance than the egg-laying industry.They are kept by small-holders and hobbyists for egg production, use as broody hens, ornamental purposes, and showing.Cockfighting is said to be the world's oldest spectator sport and may have originated in Persia 6,000 years ago.
Selective breeding for fast growth, egg-laying ability, conformation, plumage and docility took place over the centuries, and modern breeds often look very different from their wild ancestors.
) are domesticated birds kept by humans for their eggs, their meat or their feathers.
These birds are most typically members of the superorder Galloanserae (fowl), especially the order Galliformes (which includes chickens, quails and turkeys).
Although some birds are still kept in small flocks in extensive systems, most birds available in the market today are reared in intensive commercial enterprises.
Poultry is the second most widely eaten type of meat globally and, along with eggs, provides nutritionally beneficial food containing high-quality protein accompanied by a low proportion of fat.